Project Overview

Objectives & Results

The overall objectives of ORIGINS are:

  • To analyse the current issuance of breeder documents used for passport delivery;
  • To identify security loopholes in this process;
  • To propose adequate security measures and processes to enhance the security of breeder documents.

The latter:

  • Shall be done through respecting the privacy of European and non-European citizens, applying from the very start a privacy-by-design concept;
  • Will include proposal for standards;
  • May require the use of biometrics in managing reliable national or European register of births, marriages and deaths;
  • Will propose security measures and processes for issuing, transmitting, using and archiving.

This initiative is led by a consortium of market-leading industrial companies, renowned scientists in the security domain from public research institutes and universities, experts in the study of legal, ethical, societal aspects, e-Passport breeder documents manufacturers and end-users, represented by public administrations responsible for the issuance of e-Passports and border ID checks.
The objectives and expected results of the ORIGINS project are a study of the chain from birth to the issuance of breeder documents for native people, or from naturalization to the issuance of ID documents for foreigners, via their secure storage and delivery, until the end of lifecycle or even their revocation. With a particular focus on identifying methods in which the different elements of this chain can be made more secure.
To do so, an investigation on the existing security elements of this chain and the identification of its real process gaps in Member States/Associated Countries is important.

The ORIGINS project will in particular have the following specific objectives:

  • Identify breeder documents used in EU/Schengen and Associated Countries for the issuance of e-passports
  • Make a comprehensive inventory at a European level of breeder documents requirements and issuing practices (in every EU/Schengen countries)
  • Identify key common security gaps present in these processes
  • Identify best practices of each country in the domain of breeder documents, and provide a guide of best practices for minimum level security in Europe
  • Develop a tool-kit with multi-level security from which Member States can derive technology suggestions for their own breeder document implementation
  • Supply technical know-how and assist the breeder document community to set up specific trainings for checking documents used in the e-passport application process
  • Create a standardisation project on breeder documents in CEN TC224 WG18 based on the proposed possible technical and procedural solutions
  • Establish a link to the ICAO New Technologies Working Group’s initiative on breeder documents
  • Facilitate the access to training/ availability of training materials (and possibly tools) for the verification of breeder documents by e-passport issuance officers
  • Study the ethical, societal and legal aspects related to breeder documents in general and of the proposed solutions in particular
  • Disseminate the results to the issuance community and other relevant communities (such as the border control community), and standardisation groups
  • Promote the need for requirements for breeder documents at a European Level towards the MS, so that they can put regulations in place

This initiative must carry a global and consistent analysis of the current technical limitations and the needs of e-passport breeder documents stakeholders. It must propose tailored solutions conceived not only for optimal technical features and procedural best practices, but be based on privacy-by-design principles to meet expectations corresponding to the ethical, societal and legal context and strong European privacy expectations. On the other hand, the efforts need for the solutions should be well aligned with international efforts dedicated to this topic via international standardisation organizations such as ICAO and ISO/IEC JTC1. It is expected that a solution should be designed with the aim of not revealing more information than strictly needed for the targeted purpose. The solutions must achieve the security objectives whilst allowing the citizens to control their personal data. A global analysis implies the need to consider the complete e-passport breeder document life cycle and therefore covers issuance, verification and possible revocation. This implies considering the existing situation: more than half-a-billion of breeder documents in Europe and an on-going roll-out of millions of e-passports (valid for up to 10 years), and the requirement that any innovative solution needs to be introduced progressively, ensuring backwards compatibility (i.e. compatible with existing standards and processes, the millions of already deployed e-passports, and infrastructures) and hence safeguard investments made.

It is expected that ORIGINS’ results will continue to live beyond the end of the project, in particular via think-tank or standardisation groups built during the project. These groups will be able to continue the work initiated in ORIGINS, while the consortium may be the advisor to the Commission. The implementation of ORIGINS’ recommendations can be envisioned through possible future EU projects, and can be seen as a strong market opportunity for the EU industries and SMEs involved in the breeder documents and e-passports area. Eventually ORIGINS Advisory Board and end-users can push for legal initiatives and European regulations, allowing for the implementation of the project’s recommendations.

Project News

The European Conference on Breeder Documents will be held in October 2016 (Date TO BE CONFIRMED) by the ORIGINS European Project. It will take (...)

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